Santa Clara University

Graduate School of Engineering


Graduate Courses Part 2

ELEN 329. Introduction to Intelligent Control
Intelligent control, AI, and system science. Adaptive control and learning systems. Artificial neural networks and Hopfield model. Supervised and unsupervised learning in neural networks. Fuzzy sets and fuzzy control. Also listed as MECH 329. Prerequisite: ELEN 236. (2 units)

ELEN 330. Introduction to Stochastic Control for Supply and Demand Network
Managing inventories play an important role in supply and demand network optimization. This course covers basic inventory models. The foundations needed to characterize optimal policies using deterministic and stochastic control strategies. Markov chain. Optimal control. Stochastic control. Prerequisites: Statistics, Probability, ELEN 130 or 230 or ELEN 236 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 333. Digital Control Systems
Difference equations. Sampling. Quantization. Z-transform. Transfer functions. Hidden oscillations. State-Space models. Controllability and observability. Stability. Pole-placement by feedback. Liapunov method. Nonlinearity. Output feedback: Root-locus. Frequency response methods. Prerequisites: ELEN 230 or 230E and 236. (2 units)

ELEN 334. Introduction to Statistical Signal Processing
Introduction to statistical signal processing concepts. Random variables, random vectors, and random processes. Second- moment analysis, estimation of first and second moments of a random process. Linear transformations; the matched filter. Spectral factorization, innovation representations of random processes. The orthogonality principle. Linear predictive filtering; linear prediction and AR models. Levinson algorithm. Burg algorithm. MATLAB Computer assignments. Prerequisites: AMTH 211, ELEN 233 or ELEN 233E. (2 units)

ELEN 335. Estimation II
Introduction to Bayesian estimation. Minimum mean square error estimator (MMSE), Maximum a posteriori estimator (MAP). Wiener filter and Kalman filter. Prerequisite: ELEN 235. (2 units)

ELEN 336. Detection
Hypothesis testing. Neyman-Pearson lemma. Generalized matched filter. Detection of deterministic and random signals in Gaussian and non-Gaussian noise environments. Prerequisite: AMTH 362, ELEN 243, or ELEN 335. (2 units)

ELEN 337. Robotics I
Overview of robotics: control, AI, and computer vision. Components and structure of robots. Homogeneous transformation. Forward kinematics of robot arms. Denavit-Hartenberg representation. Inverse kinematics. Velocity kinematics. Manipulator Jacobian. Singular configurations. EulerLagrange equations. Dynamic equations of motion of manipulators. Task planning, path planning, and trajectory planning in the motion control problem of robots. Also listed as MECH 337. Prerequisite: AMTH 245. (2 units)

ELEN 338. Robotics II
Joint-based control. Linear control of manipulators. PID control and set-point tracking. Method of computer-torque in trajectory following control. Also listed as MECH 338. Prerequisites: ELEN 236 and 337. (2 units)

ELEN 339. Robotics III
Intelligent control of robots. Neural networks and fuzzy logic in robotic control. Selected topics of current research in robotics. Also listed as MECH 339. Prerequisite: ELEN 338. (2 units)

ELEN 345. Phase-Locked Loops
Basic loop. Components. Describing equations. Stability. Transients. Modulation and demodulation. Prerequisite: ELEN 130. (2 units)

ELEN 347. Advanced Digital Communication Systems
Receiver design, equalizers and maximum likelihood sequence detection. Modulation and receiver design for wireless communications. Offered every other year. Prerequisite: ELEN 243. (2 units)

ELEN 348. FPGA for Communications Applications
This course is a project-based course to introduce students to architectures and implementations of Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) for DSP for communications applications. Examples of a final project include implementing a significant application in communications such as Software-Defined Radio (SDR) or, Wi-Fi. Prerequisites: ELEN 226 and 247. (2 units)

ELEN 351. RF Integrated Circuit Design
Introduction to RF terminology, technology tradeoffs in RFIC design. Architecture and design of radio receivers and transmitters. Low noise amplifiers, power amplifiers, mixers, oscillators, and frequency synthesizers. Prerequisites: ELEN 252 and 387. (2 units)

ELEN 352. Mixed Signal IC Design for Data Communications
Design and analysis of mixed signal circuits for data communications. Introduction to data communications terminology and signaling conventions. Data transmission media, noise sources. Data transceiver design: Signal coding/decoding, transmit signal waveshaping, receive equalization. Timing Circuits: Clock generation and recovery techniques. Prerequisites: ELEN 252 and 387. (2 units)

ELEN 353. DC to DC Power Conversion
Basic buck, boost, and buck-boost DC to DC converter topologies in both continuous and discontinuous conduction modes (CCM and DCM). Analog and digital controlled pulse width modulation techniques. Efficiency and control loop stability analysis. Critical MOSFET parameters and non-ideal circuit behavior will be studied using time and frequency domain computer modeling. Prerequisites: ELEN 236, or 130 and ELEN 252 or 116. (2 units)

ELEN 354. Advanced RFIC Design
Design and analysis of passive circuits (filters, splitters, and couplers), Gilbert cell mixers, low phase noise VCOs, frequency translators, and amplifiers. Advanced simulation methods, such as envelope and time domain simulations. Class project designed to meet specifications, design rules, and device models of RFIC foundry. Prerequisite: ELEN 351. (2 units)

ELEN 359. Advanced Topics in Circuit Design
(2 units)

ELEN 360. Nanomaterials
Physics, chemistry, and materials science of materials in the nanoscale. Thin films, inorganic nanowires, carbon nanotubes, and quantum dots are examples covered in detail as well as state-of-the-art synthesis processes and characterization techniques for these materials as used in various stages of technology development. Also listed as ENGR 262. Prerequisites: ENGR 260 and ELEN 261 or ELEN 151. (2 units)

ELEN 361. Nanoelectronics
Silicon-based technology in the sub-90nm regime. General scaling trend and ITRS Roadmap. Novel device architectures, logic and memory nanodevices, critical enabling device design and process technologies, interconnects, molecular electronics, and their potential usage in future technology nodes. Prerequisite: ELEN 265 or ELEN 266. (2 units)

ELEN 375. Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces
Structural and electronic properties of semiconductor surfaces, semiconductor/oxide interfaces, and metal/semiconductor interfaces. Relationship between interface morphology/composition and electrical properties. Modern techniques for characterizing surfaces and interfaces. Derivation of interface properties from electrical characterization of devices. Prerequisite: ELEN 265. (2 units)

ELEN 379. Topics in Micro/ Nanoelectronics
(2 units)

ELEN 387. VLSI Design I
Introduction to VLSI design and methodology. Analysis of CMOS integrated circuits. Circuit modeling and performance evaluation supported by simulation (SPICE). Ratioed, switch, and dynamic logic families. Design of sequential elements. Full-custom layout using CAD tools. Also listed as COEN 203. Prerequisite: COEN/ELEN 127 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 388. VLSI Design II
Continuation of VLSI design and methodology. Design of arithmetic circuits and memory. Comparison of semi-custom versus fully custom design. General concept of floor planning, placement, and routing. Introduction of signal integrity through the interconnect wires. Also listed as COEN 204. Prerequisite: COEN 203/ELEN 387 or equivalent, or ELEN 153. (2 units)

ELEN 389. VLSI Physical Design
Physical design is the phase that follows logic design, and it includes the following steps that precede the fabrication of the IC logic partitioning: cell layout, floor planning, placement, routing. These steps are examined in the context of very deep submicron technology. Effect of parasitic devices and packaging are also considered. Power distribution and thermal effects are essential issues in this design phase. Also listed as COEN 305. Prerequisite: COEN 204/ELEN 388 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 390. Semiconductor Device Technology Reliability
Reliability challenges in device design, fabrication technology, and test methodology. Device design issues such as design tolerances for latch-up, hot carrier injection, and electromigration. Fabrication technology challenges for sub-micron processes. Test methodology in terms of design feasibility and high-level test/fault coverage. IC yield models and yield enhancement techniques. (2 units)

ELEN 391. Process and Device Simulation with Technology Computer Aided Design (TCAD)
Review of semiconductor technology fundamentals. TCAD tools and methods as a design aid for visualizing physical device quantities at different stages of design and influencing device process parameters and circuit performance. Introduction to numerical simulation and TCAD, 2D process and device simulation, CMOS process flow and device design, device characterization and parameter extraction, circuit simulation. Introduction to virtual IC factory concept, integration of process, device and circuit simulation tools. The concept of process variation, statistical analysis and modeling methods, such as Monte Carlo sampling, correlation analysis, response surface modeling. Prerequisite: ELEN 274. (2 units)

ELEN 398. Advanced Ph.D. Research
By arrangement. Prerequisite: Completion of 72 units of graduate credit beyond the master’s degree. Co-requisite: ELEN 298. (1–7 units)

ELEN 421. Speech Coding I
Review of sampling and quantization. Introduction to Digital Speech Processing. Elementary principals and applications of speech analysis, synthesis, and coding. Speech signal analysis and modeling. The LPC Model. LPC Parameter quantization using Line Spectrum Pairs (LSPs). Digital coding techniques: Quantization, Waveform coding. Predictive coding, Transform coding, Hybrid coding, and Sub-band coding. Applications of speech coding in various systems. Standards for speech and audio coding. Also listed as COEN 348. Prerequisite: ELEN 334 or equivalent.(2 units)

ELEN 422. Speech Coding II
Advanced aspects of speech analysis and coding. Analysis-by-Synthesis (AbS) coding of speech, Analysis-as-Synthesis (AaS) coding of speech. Code-Excited Linear Speech Coding. Error-control in speech transmission. Application of coders in various systems (such as wireless phones). International Standards for Speech (and Audio) Coding. Real-Time DSP implementation of speech coders. Research project on speech coding. Introduction to speech recognition. Also listed as COEN 349. Prerequisite: ELEN 421. (2 units)

ELEN 423. Introduction to Voice-over-IP
Overview of voice encoding standards relevant to VoIP: G.711, G.726, G.723.1, G.729, G.729AB. VoIP packetization and signaling protocols: RTP/RTCP, H.323, MGCP/MEGACO, SIP. VoIP impairments and signal processing algorithms to improve QoS. Echo cancellation, packet loss concealment, adaptive jitter buffer, Decoder clock synchronization. Network convergence: Soft-switch architecture, VoIP/PSTN, interworking (Media and Signaling Gateways), signaling translation (SS7, DTMF/MF etc.), fax over IP. Prerequisite: ELEN 233 or knowledge of basic digital signal processing concepts. (2 units)

ELEN 431. Adaptive Signal Processing I
Theory of adaptive filters, Wiener filters, the performance surface, gradient estimation. The least-mean-square (LMS) algorithm, other gradient algorithms, transform-domain LMS adaptive filtering, block LMS algorithm. IIR adaptive filters. The method of least squares. Recursive least squares (RLS) adaptive transversal filters; application of adaptive filters in communications, control, radar, etc. Projects. Prerequisites: ELEN 233 and ELEN 334 or AMTH 362 or knowledge of random processes. (2 units)

ELEN 431E. Adaptive Signal Processing I and II
Same description as ELEN 431 and ELEN 432. Prerequisites: ELEN 233 and either ELEN 334 or AMTH 362 or knowledge of random processes. (4 units)

ELEN 432. Adaptive Signal Processing II
Linear prediction. Recursive least squares lattice filters. Applications of Kalman filter theory to adaptive transversal filters. Performance analysis of different algorithms. Fast algorithms for recursive least squares adaptive transversal filters. Applications of adaptive filters in communications, control, radar, etc. Projects. Alternate years. Prerequisite: ELEN 431. (2 units)

ELEN 433. Array Signal Processing
Statistical analysis of array signal processing of a spectral analysis and direction-finding. Classical spectral analysis, maximum entropy, minimum variance, maximum likelihood, and super-resolution techniques. Alternate years. Prerequisites: ELEN 234 and either ELEN 235 or AMTH 362. (2 units)

ELEN 439. Topics in Adaptive Signal Processing
(2 units)

ELEN 441. Communications Satellite Systems Engineering
Satellite systems engineering considerations. Spacecraft. Satellite link design. Communication systems techniques for satellite links. Propagation on satellite-earth paths. Earth station technology. Prerequisite: ELEN 243 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 444. Error-Correcting Codes
Theory and implementation of error-correcting codes. Linear block codes, cyclic codes. Encoding and decoding techniques and implementations analysis of code properties and error probabilities. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: Knowledge of probability. (2 units)

ELEN 446. Introduction to Wireless Communication Systems
Overview of digital communications. Topics include bit rate and error performance. Long-term and short-term propagation effects. Link budgets. Diversity techniques. Prerequisites: Knowledge of random processes, AMTH 210 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 447. Wireless Network Architecture
Issues in wireless management. Topics include: Multiple access techniques, cellular and local area network standards, scheduling of users, handoff and channel assignment. Prerequisite: ELEN 446 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 460. Advanced Mechatronics I
Theory of operation, analysis, and implementation of fundamental physical and electrical device components: basic circuit elements, transistors, op-amps, sensors, electro-mechanical actuators. Application to the development of simple devices. Also listed as MECH 207. Prerequisite: MECH 141 or ELEN 100. (3 units)

ELEN 461. Advanced Mechatronics II
Theory of operation, analysis, and implementation of fundamental controller implementations: analog computers, digital state machines, microcontrollers. Application to the development of closed-loop control systems. Also listed as MECH 208. Prerequisites: ELEN 460 or MECH 207, and MECH 217. (3 units)

ELEN 462. Advanced Mechatronics III
Electro-mechanical modeling and system development. Introduction to mechatronic support subsystems: power, communications. Fabrication techniques. Functional implementation of hybrid systems involving dynamic control and command logic. Also listed as MECH 209. Prerequisite: MECH 208 or ELEN 461. (2 units)

ELEN 500. Logic Analysis and Synthesis
Analysis and synthesis of combinational and sequential digital circuits with attention to static, dynamic, and essential hazards. Algorithmic techniques for logic minimization, state reductions, and state assignments. Decomposition of state machine, algorithmic state machine. Design for test concepts. Also listed as COEN 200. Prerequisite: ELEN 127C or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 510. Computer Architecture
Overview of major subsystems of small- to medium-scale digital computers. Machine instruction set characteristics. Typical arithmetic and logic unit functions, register dataflow organization, busing schemes, and their implementations. Computer memory systems; addressing techniques. Methods of system timing and control; hardware sequencers, microprogramming. Register transfer language and micro-operation. I/O subsystem structure; interrupts; direct memory access and I/O bus interfacing techniques. Detailed computer design project. Credit not allowed for both ELEN 510 and COEN 210. Prerequisites: ELEN 33 or equivalent, ELEN 127C and COEN 44. (2 units)

ELEN 601. Low Power Designs of VLSI Circuits and Systems
Design of digital circuits for reduced power consumption. Sources of power consumption in ICs and analysis algorithms for their estimation at different stages of design. Various power reduction techniques and their trade-offs with performance, manufacturability, and cost are analyzed. Project to design a digital circuit with power reduction as the primary objective. Prerequisite: ELEN 387. (2 units)

ELEN 602. Modern Time Analysis
Analysis in logic design review of background materials and introduction of concepts of false path, combinational delay, and minimum cycle time of finite state machines. Study of efficient computational algorithms. Examination of retiming for sequential circuits, speed/area trade-off. Prerequisite: ELEN 500. (2 units)

ELEN 603. Logic Design Using HDL
Algorithmic approach to design of digital systems. Use of hardware description languages for design specification. Structural, register transfer, and behavioral views of HDL. Simulation and synthesis of systems descriptions. Also listed as COEN 303. Prerequisite: ELEN 127 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 604. Semicustom Design with Programmable Devices
Digital circuit design methodologies. Semicustom implementations. Programmable logic devices classification, technology, and utilization. Software tools synthesis, placement, and routing. Design verification and testing. Also listed as COEN 304. Prerequisite: ELEN 500 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 605. High-Level Synthesis
Synthesis strategy. Hardware description language and its applications in synthesis. Cost elimination. Multilevel logic synthesis and optimization. Synthesis methods and systems. Module generation. Timing considerations. Area vs. speed trade-offs. Design simulation and verification. Heuristic techniques. CAD tools. Also listed as COEN 301. Prerequisites: ELEN 500 and ELEN 603. (2 units)

ELEN 608. Design for Testability
Principles and techniques of designing circuits for testability. Concept of fault models. The need for test development. Testability measures. Ad hoc rules to facilitate testing. Easily testable structures, PLAs. Scan-path techniques, full and partial scan. Built-in self-testing (BIST) techniques. Self-checking circuits. Use of computer-aided design (CAD) tools. Also listed as COEN 308. Prerequisite: ELEN 500 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 609. Mixed-Signal DA and Test
Mixed-Signal test techniques using PLL and behavioral testing as major examples. Overview of the IEEE 1149.4 Mixed-Signal standard. Mixed-Signal DFT and BIST techniques with emphasis on test economics. Most recent industrial mixed-signal design and test EDA tools and examples of leading state-of-the-art SoCs. Prerequisites: ELEN 500 or COEN 200 and ELEN 387 or COEN 203. (2 units)

ELEN 613. SoC (System-on-Chip) Verification
This course presents various state-of-the-art verification techniques used to ensure the corrections of the SoC (System-on-Chip) design before committing it to manufacturing. Both Logical and Physical verification techniques will be covered, including Functional Verification, Static Timing, Power, and Layout Verification. Also, the use of Emulation, Assertion-based Verification, and Hardware/Software Co-Verification techniques will be presented. Also listed as COEN 207. Prerequisites: ELEN 500 or COEN 200 and ELEN 603 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 614. SoC (System-on-Chip) Formal Verification Techniques
With continuous increase of size and complexity of SoC, informal simulation techniques are increasing design cost prohibitively and causing major delays in TTM (Time-To-Market). This course focuses on formal algorithmic techniques used for SoC Verification and the tools that are widely used in the industry to perform these types of verifications. These include programming languages such as System Verilog, Vera, and e-language. The course also covers the various formal verification techniques such as propositional logic; basics of temporal logic. Theorem proving, and equivalent checking. Industrial-level tools from leading EDA vendors will be used to demonstrate the capabilities of such techniques. Also listed as COEN 208. Prerequisites: ELEN 500 or COEN 200 and ELEN 603 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 617. Storage Systems – Technology and Architecture
The course will address the developments in storage systems. Increase in data storage has led to an increase in storage needs. This arises from the increase of mobile devices as well as increase in Internet data storage. This course will provide the students good knowledge of different storage systems as well as challenges in data integrity. A discussion of the next generation of storage devices and architectures will also be done. (2 units)

ELEN 620. Design of System-on-Chip
A project-oriented course that draws on the student’s knowledge of logic design, circuit design, synthesis, and digital testing. Implementation of designs in FPGAs. Advanced topics including design verification, floor planning, power and delay budgeting, backannotation, selection of the appropriate DFT constructs, etc. Prerequisite: ELEN 388, 500, 603, or 608. (2 units)

ELEN 624. Signal Integrity in IC and PCB Systems
Analysis, modeling and characterization of interconnects in electronic circuits; Transmission line theory; losses and frequency dependent parameters. Issues in signal integrity of high-speed/high-frequency circuits; means of identifying signal integrity problems. Reflection and crosstalk; analysis of coupled-line systems. Power distribution networks in VLSI and PCB environments and power integrity. Signal/Power integrity CAD. Prerequisite: ELEN 201(2 units)

ELEN 639. Audio and Speech Compression
Audio and speech compression. Digital audio signal processing fundamentals. Non-perceptual coding. Perceptual coding. Psychoacoustic model. High-quality audio coding. Parametric and structured audio coding. Audio coding standards. Scalable audio coding. Speech coding. Speech coding standards. Also listed as COEN 339. Prerequisites: AMTH 108, AMTH 245, and COEN 279 or equivalent. (2 units)

ELEN 640. Digital Image Processing I
Digital image representation and acquisition; Fourier, cosine, and wavelet transforms; linear and nonlinear filtering; image enhancement; morphological filtering. Also listed as COEN 340. Prerequisite: ELEN 234. (2 units)

ELEN 641. Image and Video Compression
Image and video compression. Entropy coding. Prediction. Quantization. Transform coding and 2-D discrete cosine transform. Color compression. Motion estimation and compensation. Digital video. Image coding standards such as JPEG. Video coding standards such as the MPEG series and the H.26x series. H.264/MPEG-4 AVC coding. JCT-VD HEVC coding. Rate-distortion theory and optimization. Visual quality and coding efficiency. Brief introduction to 3D video coding and JCT-3V 3D-HEVC. Applications. Also listed as COEN 338. Prerequisites: AMTH 108, AMTH 245, basic knowledge of algorithms. (4 units)

ELEN 642. Medical Imaging
Image formation from noninvasive measurements in computerized tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and other modalities used clinically and in research. Analysis of accuracy and resolution of image formation based on measurement geometry and statistics. Offered in alternate years. Also listed as BIOE 642. Prerequisites: AMTH 211 and either ELEN 234 or AMTH 358. (2 units)

ELEN 643. Digital Image Processing II
Image restoration using least squares methods in image and spatial frequency domains; matrix representations; blind deconvolution; super-resolution methods; reconstructions from incomplete data; image segmentation methods, three-dimensional models from multiple views. Also listed as COEN 343. Prerequisite: ELEN 640. (2 units)

ELEN 644. Computer Vision I
Introduction to image understanding, psychology of vision, sensor models, feature extraction, shape from shading, stereo vision, motion detection and optical flow. Also listed as COEN 344. Prerequisite: ELEN 233 or 640. (2 units)

ELEN 645. Computer Vision II
Texture, segmentation, region growing. 2-D geometrical structures and 3-D inference. Syntatic models, object matching, and decision trees. Also listed as COEN 345. Prerequisites: ELEN 644 and AMTH 211. (2 units)

ELEN 649. Topics in Image Processing and Analysis
(2 units)

ELEN 701. RF and Microwave Systems
The purpose of this class is to introduce students to the general hardware components, system parameters, and architectures of RF and microwave wireless systems. Practical examples of components and system configurations are emphasized. Communication systems are used to illustrate the applications. Other systems, such as, radar, the global positioning system (GPS), RF identification (RFID), and direct broadcast systems (DBS) are introduced. (2 units)

ELEN 705. Computer-Aided Design for Microwaves
A survey of approaches to CAD and to existing CAD software packages. Extensive applications in microwaves. Modeling, synthesis, algorithms, optimization. Prerequisite: ELEN 201. (2 units)

ELEN 706. Microwave Circuit Analysis and Design
Microwave circuit theory and techniques. Emphasis on microwave integrated circuits (MIC) and waveguides. Planar transmission lines including microstrip, coplanar waveguides, and slotline. Field problems formulated into network problems for TEM and other structures. Transmission line theory, impedance, scattering and transmission parameters, Smith charts, impedance matching, and transformation techniques. Prerequisite: ELEN 201. (4 units)

ELEN 711. Active Microwave Devices I
Scattering and noise parameters of microwave transistors, physics of silicon bipolar and gallium arsenide MOSFET transistors, device physics, models, and high-frequency limitations. Applications to microwave amplifier and oscillator designs. Prerequisite: ELEN 251. (2 units)

ELEN 712. Active Microwave Devices II
Continuation of ELEN 711. Emphasis on linear active circuits and computer-aided design techniques. Prerequisite: ELEN 711. (2 units)

ELEN 714. Nonlinear Microwave Device Modeling I
Continuation of ELEN 712. Nonlinear models of diodes, bipolar transistors, and FETs applied to the design of frequency converters, amplifiers, and oscillators. Techniques. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: ELEN 711. (2 units)

ELEN 715. Antennas I
Fundamentals of radiation, antenna pattern, directivity and gain. Dipole and wire antennas. Microstrip Patch Antennas. Broadband antennas. Antennas as components of communications and radar systems. Antenna measurement. Antenna CAD. Prerequisite: ELEN 201. (2 units)

ELEN 716. Antennas II
Continuation of ELEN 715. Aperture, horn, reflector, and lens antennas. Antenna CAD. Moment methods for antenna elements, arrays, and complex structures. Scattering. Radar cross-section. Antenna measurements. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: ELEN 715. (2 units)

ELEN 717. Antennas III
Continuation of ELEN 716. Printed microstrip antennas. Large antenna design. High-frequency techniques. Geometrical optics. Physical optics. Diffraction. Antenna synthesis. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: ELEN 716. (2 units)

ELEN 725. Optics Fundamentals
Fundamental concepts of optics: geometrical and wave optics. Optical components - free space, lenses, mirrors, prisms. Optical field and beams. Coherent (lasers) and incoherent (LED, thermal) light sources. Elements of laser engineering. Optical materials. Fiber optics. Polarization phenomena and devices. Also listed as PHYS 113. Prerequisite: ELEN 201 or equivalent. (4 units)

ELEN 726. Microwave Measurements, Theory, and Techniques
Theory comprises six classroom meetings covering signal flow graphs, error models and corrections, S-parameter measurements, scalar and vector analyzers, microwave resonator measurements, noise figure measurements, signal generation and characterization, spectrum analyzers, and phase noise measurements. Four laboratory meetings. Offered in alternate years. Prerequisite: ELEN 711. (3 units)

ELEN 729. Topics in Electromagnetics and Optics
Selected advanced topics in electromagnetic field theory. Prerequisite: As specified in class schedule. (2 units)

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