### COURSE DESCRIPTIONS

#### Graduate Courses Part 1

Some graduate courses may not apply toward certain degree programs. As early as possible, preferably during the first quarter of study, students are urged to discuss in detail with their faculty advisor the program of study they wish to pursue.

**ELEN 200. Electrical Engineering Graduate Seminars**

Regularly scheduled seminars on topics of current interest in the fields of electrical engineering and computer engineering. Consult department office for detailed information. P/NP grading. (1 or 2 units)

**ELEN 201. Electromagnetic Field Theory I**

Time-varying electromagnetic field concepts starting with Maxwell’s equations. Development of field theorems. Development of circuit theory from Maxwell’s equations. Transmission lines, including transient effects, losses, and coupling. Plane waves, reflection and refraction at interfaces. *Prerequisite: An undergraduate electromagnetic field course.* (2 units)

*ELEN 202. Electromagnetic Field Theory II*

Solution of boundary value problems in rectangular, cylindrical, and spherical coordinates employing Green’s functions. Applications include circular waveguides and resonators, dielectric waveguides and resonators, and antennas. *Prerequisite: ELEN 201*. (2 units)

**ELEN 210. Signals, Circuits, and Systems**

Continuous and discrete signals. Circuit equations and time response. Laplace transform. Difference equations and discrete systems. Z-transform. Convolution. Transfer function. Frequency response. Fourier series and transform. Matrix representations of circuits and systems. The notion of state. State transition matrix. State and output response. Equivalent to ELEN 110. May not be included in the minimum required units of Electrical Engineering courses. (2 units)

**ELEN 211. Modern Network Analysis I**

Graph theory and its applications to network matrix equations. Network component magnitude and frequency scaling. Network topology, graph theory, graph matrices, oriented and nonoriented graphs. Fundamental network laws. Topologically dependent matrix equations. Circuit simulation. N Planar and dual graphs. Nondegenerate network state equations. *Prerequisites: AMTH 246 and knowledge of Laplace transforms*. (2 units)

**ELEN 216. Modern Network Synthesis and Design**

Approximation and synthesis of active networks. Filter design using positive and negative feedback biquads. Sensitivity analysis. Fundamentals of passive network synthesis. Credit not allowed for both 112 and 216. *Prerequisite: ELEN 210 or its undergraduate equivalent of ELEN 110.* (4 units)

**ELEN 217. Chaos Theory, Metamathematics and the Limits of Knowledge: A Scientific Perspective on Religion**

Limitations of science are examined in the framework of nonlinear system theory and metamathematics. Strange attractors, bifurcations and chaos are studied in some detail. Additional topics include an introduction to formal systems and an overview of Godel’s theorems. The mathematical background developed in the course is used as a basis for exploring the relationship between science, aesthetics, and religion. Particular emphasis is placed on the rationality of faith. Also listed as ELEN 160. *Prerequisites: AMTH 106 or an equivalent course in differential equations, and a basic familiarity with Matlab.* (4 units)

*ELEN 219. Fundamentals of Computer-Aided Circuit Simulation*

Introduction to the algorithms and principles used in circuit simulation packages (such as SPICE). Formation of equations for linear and nonlinear circuits. Detailed study of three different types of circuit analysis (AC, DC, and transient). Discussion of computational aspects, including sparse matrices, Newton’s method, numerical integration, and parallel computing. Applications to electronic circuits, active filter, and CMOS digital circuits. Course includes a number of design projects in which simulation software is written in Matlab and verified using SPICE. *Prerequisites: ELEN 21, ELEN 100, and ELEN 115. Credit not allowed for both 118 and 219*. (4 units)

**ELEN 223. Digital Signal Processing System Development**

Hands-on experience with hardware and software development for real-time DSP applications. Students design, program, and build a DSP application from start to finish. Such applications include image processing, speech/audio/video compression, multimedia, etc. The development environment includes Texas Instruments TMS320C6X development systems. *Prerequisites: ELEN 234 or ELEN 233E and knowledge of “C” programming language.* (4 units)

**ELEN 226. DSP Design in FPGA**

Introduction to current state-of-the-art design and implementation of FPGA signal processing systems with emphasis on digital communications applications. Overview of current generation FPGAs; FPGA architecture and data path design for digital filters, multirate filters, canonic signed digit arithmetic, and spectrum channelization using digital down converters (DOCs). Implementation of FPGA DSP design using VHDL and visual dataflow methodologies. *Prerequisites: ELEN 133, ELEN 233E or ELEN 234, and ELEN 127 or the equivalent.* (2 units)

**ELEN 229. Topics in Network Theory**

(2 units)

*ELEN 230. Introduction to Control Systems*

Applications of control systems in engineering. Principle of feedback. Performance specifications: transient and steady-state response. Stability. Design of control systems by frequency and root-locus methods. Computer-controller systems. State-variable feedback design. Problem sessions. Credit not allowed for both ELEN 130 and ELEN 230. *Prerequisite: ELEN 210 or its undergraduate equivalent of ELEN 110.* (4 units)

**ELEN 232. Introduction to Nonlinear Systems**

Basic nonlinear phenomena in dynamic systems. State space and phase plane concepts. Equilibria. Linearization. Stability. Liapunov’s method. *Prerequisite: ELEN 230E or 236.* (2 units)

**ELEN 233. Digital Signal Processing I**

Description of discrete signals and systems. Z-transform. Convolution and transfer functions. System response and stability. Fourier transform and discrete Fourier transform. Sampling theorem. Digital filtering. Also listed as COEN 201. *Prerequisite: ELEN 210 or its undergraduate equivalent of ELEN 110*. (2 units)

**ELEN 233E. Digital Signal Processing I and II**

Same description as ELEN 233 and ELEN 234. *Credit not allowed for both ELEN 133 and 233E.* (4 units)

**ELEN 234. Digital Signal Processing II**

Continuation of ELEN 233. Digital FIR and IIR filter design and realization techniques. Multirate signal processing. Fast Fourier transform. Quantization effects. *Also listed as COEN 202*. *Prerequisite: ELEN 233*. (2 units)

**ELEN 235. Estimation I**

Introduction to Classical estimation. Minimum Variance Unbiased Estimator (MVUE) from Cramer-Rao theorem, sufficient statistics, and linear estimator constraint. Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE) method. Least Square (LS) methods*. Prerequisites: AMTH 211 or AMTH 212, AMTH 246 or AMTH 247, familiarity with MATLAB..* (2 units)

**ELEN 236. Linear Control Systems**

Concept of state-space descriptions of dynamic systems. Relations to frequency domain descriptions. State-space realizations and canonical forms. Stability. Controllability and observability. Discrete time systems. *Prerequisites: ELEN 210 or its undergraduate equivalent of ELEN 110*. (2 units)

**ELEN 237. Optimal Control**

Linear regulator problem. Hamilton-Jacobi equation. Riccati equation. Stability. Estimators. *Prerequisite: ELEN 236.* (2 units)

**ELEN 238. Model Predictive Control**

Review of state-space model in discrete time, stability, optimal control, prediction, Kalman filter. Measurable and un-measurable disturbance, finite and receding horizon control, MPC formulation and design. *Also listed as MECH 420. Prerequisite: ELEN 237 or MECH 324 or equivalent.* (2 units)

**ELEN 239. Topics in Systems Theory**

(2 units)

**ELEN 241. Introduction to Communication**

Power spectral density and correlation; bandwidth; random processes; carrier frequency, modulation and baseband versus passband modulation. *Prerequisite: ELEN 210 or its undergraduate equivalent of ELEN 110*. (2 units)

*ELEN 243. Digital Communication Systems*

Digital modulation techniques including: QAM, PSK, FSK; matched filter receivers; energy and SNR; probability of error versus SNR; Nyquist pulses; introduction to synchronization. *Prerequisite: ELEN 241 or equivalen*t. (2 units)

**ELEN 244. Information Theory**

Introduction to the fundamental concepts of information theory. Source models. Source coding. Discrete channel without memory. Continuous channel. Alternate years. Also listed as COEN 341. *Prerequisites: ELEN 241 and AMTH 211.* (2 units)

**ELEN 247. Communication Systems Modeling Using Simulink I**

The objective of this course is for students to acquire and consolidate their practical skills of digital communication systems design through building simulation of some carefully selected prototype systems using MATLAB® and Simulink.® The components and the principle of operation of each system will be presented in a lecture, together with key simulation techniques required. Topics include digital modulation and synchronization. *Prerequisites: ELEN 243 and 233.* (2 units)

*ELEN 248. Communication Systems Modeling Using Simulink II*

Students learn how to build digital communication systems by using simulation of some carefully selected prototype systems using MATLAB and Simulink. Topics include equalization, single carrier systems, OFDM systems, Viterbi decoding and forward error correction. *Prerequisite: ELEN 247*. (2 units)

**ELEN 249. Topics in Communication**

(2 units)

*ELEN 250. Electronic Circuits*

Introductory presentation of semiconductor circuit theory. The p-n junction, bipolar junction transistors (BJT), field-effect transistors and circuit models for these devices. DC biasing required of small-signal amplifier circuits. Analysis and design of small-signal amplifiers. The ideal operational amplifier and circuit applications. May not be taken for credit by a student with an undergraduate degree in electrical engineering. Not for graduate credit. *Prerequisite: ELEN 50 or equivalent.* (2 units)

**ELEN 251. Transistor Models for IC Design**

Semiconductor device modeling methods based upon device physics, process technology, and parameter extraction. Model derivation for bipolar junction transistors and metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors for use in circuit simulators. Model parameter extraction methodology utilizing linear regression, data fitting, and optimization techniques. *Prerequisite: ELEN 265 or ELEN 266*. (2 units)

**ELEN 252. Analog Integrated Circuits I**

Design and analysis of multi-stage BJT and CMOS analog amplifiers. Study of differential amplifiers, current mirrors, and gain stages. Frequency response of cascaded amplifiers and gain-bandwidth considerations. Concepts of feedback, stability, and frequency compensation. *Prerequisite: ELEN 115 or equivalent*. (2 units)

**ELEN 253. Analog Integrated Circuits II**

Design of operational amplifiers and wideband amplifiers. Design of output stages and power amplifiers. Reference and biasing circuits. Study of noise and distortion in analog ICs and concepts of low noise design. Selected applications of analog circuits such as comparators. *Prerequisite: ELEN 252*. (2 units)

**ELEN 254. Advanced Analog Integrated Circuit**

Design architecture and design of sample and hold amplifiers, analog to digital, and digital to analog converters. Design of continuous time and switched capacitor filters. *Prerequisite: ELEN 253*. (4 units)

**ELEN 259. Topics in Circuit Design**

(2 units)

**ELEN 261. Fundamentals of Semiconductor Physics**

Wave mechanics. Crystal structure and energy band structure of semiconductors. Carrier statistics and transport. Electrical and optical properties. (2 units)

**ELEN 264. Semiconductor Device Theory I**

Physics of semiconductor materials, junctions, and contacts as a basis for understanding all types of semiconductor devices. *Prerequisite: ELEN 261 or ELEN 151 or equivalent*. (2 units)

**ELEN 265. Semiconductor Device Theory II**

Continuation of ELEN 264. Bipolar transistors, MOS, and junction field-effect transistors, and semiconductor surface phenomena. *Prerequisite: ELEN 264*. (2 units)

**ELEN 266. Semiconductor Device Theory I and II**

Same description as ELEN 264 and 265. *Prerequisite: ELEN 261 or ELEN 151 or equivalent.* (4 units)

**ELEN 270. Introduction to IC Materials**

Materials issues in IC, classification of IC materials, Historical perspective. IC materials electrical conductivity, high-k, low-k materials. IC processing materials; solid liquid, gaseous dopants, chemicals and gases for etching and cleaning; IC lithography materials; photo-, e-beam-, x-ray resists, resist developers; IC packaging materials; IC thin film materials; adhesion, thermal conductivity and stress, electrical conductivity and sheet resistance. (2 units)

**ELEN 271. Microsensors: Components and Systems**

Microfabrication technologies, bulk and surface micromachining, sensor fundamentals, electronic, chemical, and mechanical components as sensors, system level issues, technology integration; application and examples of sensors. (2 units)

*ELEN 274. Integrated Circuit Fabrication Processes I*

Fundamental principles of silicon-integrated circuit fabrication processes. Practical and theoretical aspects of microelectronic fabrication. Basic materials properties, including crystal structure and crystallographic defects; physical and chemical models of crystal growth; and doping, thermal oxidation, diffusion, and ion implantation. *Prerequisite: ELEN 264*. (2 units)

**ELEN 275. Integrated Circuit Fabrication Processes II**

Physical and chemical models of etching and cleaning, epitaxy, deposited films, photolithography, and metallization. Process simulation and integration. Principles and practical aspects of fabrication of devices for MOS and bipolar integrated circuits. *Prerequisite: ELEN 274*. (2 units)

*ELEN 276. Semiconductor Devices and Technology**

Continuation of MOS field-effect transistors, bipolar junction transistors, heterjunctions. Principles of silicon IC fabrication processes. Bulk and expitaxial crystal growth, thermal oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation. Process simulation for basic devices. *Also listed as ELEN 152. Prerequisite: ELEN 151 or ELEN 270* (4 units)

**ELEN 276L. Semiconductor Devices and Technology Lab**

Laboratory for ELEN 276. *Also listed as ELEN 152L.* (1 unit)

**ELEN 277. IC Assembly and Packaging Technology**

IC assembly techniques, assembly flow, die bond pad design rules, eutectic bonding and other assembly techniques, package types and materials, package thermal and electrical design and fabrication, special package considerations, future trends, and package reliability. *Prerequisite: ELEN 201*. (2 units)

**ELEN 278. Electrical Modeling and Design of High Speed IC Packages**

Basic definitions and electrical models of package structures. Basic electromagnetic theory, DC and AC resistance including skin effect, loop and partial inductance, Maxwell and SPICE capacitance, impedance. Transmission line theory and coplanar striplines. Packaging structures electrical characteristics. Noise in packages. Electrical design methodology of a high-speed multilayer package; students will be required to design and present an evaluation of the design of a high speed multilayer package using commercial design tools. *Prerequisite: ELEN 20*1. (2 units)

**ELEN 279. Topics in Semiconductor Devices and Processing**

(2 units)

**ELEN 280. Introduction to Alternative Energy Systems**

An introduction to such alternative energy systems with an emphasis on those utilizing solar technologies. Learn how the technologies work to provide electrical power today and the capabilities foreseen for the future. The material is designed to be suitable for both undergraduate and graduate students in engineering and related applied sciences. Also listed as MECH 287. (2 units)

**ELEN 281A. Power Systems: Generation**

Electricity is the most versatile and widely used form of energy and as such it is the backbone of today’s and tomorrow’s global society. The course deals with the power system structure and components, electric power generation, transmission and distribution. It also examines how these components interact and are controlled to meet the requirement of: capacity, energy demand; reliability, availability, and quality of power delivery; efficiency, minimization of power loss; sustainability, and integration of low carbon energy sources. *Prerequisite: ELEN 280/MECH 287.* (3 units)

**ELEN 281B. Power Systems: Transmission and Distribution**

The objective of this course is to cover the fundamental as well as wider aspects of Electric Power Transmission and Distribution networks including monitoring and control application tools typically provided by Energy Management Systems that enable Electric Utility Companies manage these assets to achieve their goals. *Prerequisite: ELEN 281A.* (2 units)

*ELEN 282. Photovoltaic Devices and Systems*

This course begins with a discussion of the sun as a source of energy, emphasizing the characteristics of insolation. This leads to a study of solar cells, their performance, their models, and the effects on their performance of factors such as atmospheric attenuation, incidence angle, shading, and others. Cells are connected together to become modules, which in turn are connected in arrays. This leads to a discussion of power electronic devices used to control and condition the DC solar voltage, including charge controllers, inverters, and other devices. Energy storage is studied. These components are then collected together in a solar PV system. The course concludes with a discussion of system sizing. (2 units)

**ELEN 283. Characterization of Photovoltaic Devices**

This course consists of five pre-lab lectures and five experiments exploring different aspects of photovoltaic cells and modules, including: cell characterization under controlled conditions using a solar simulator; determining the spectral response and quantum efficiency of cells; measurement of solar irradiance and insolation; characterization of photovoltaic modules under real sun conditions; study of solar-related power electronics. *Prerequisite: ELEN 282 or equivalent*. (2 units)

**ELEN 284. Design and Fabrication of Photovoltaic Cells**

Review of concepts needed to understand function, design, and manufacturing of PV cells and modules. PV cell physics leading to derivation of the I-V curve and equivalent circuit, along with contact and optical design, and use of computer-aided design tools. Manufacturing processes for silicon and thin film cells and modules. Cell measurements, including simulators, quantum efficiency, and parameter extraction. Cell types include silicon, thin film, organics, and concentrators. Markets, drivers, and LCOE (levelized cost of electricity) are surveyed. *Prerequisites: ELEN 274 and 282. Co-requisite: ELEN 284L*. ( 2 units)

**ELEN 284L Laboratory for ELEN 284**

Co-requisite: ELEN 284. (1 unit)

**ELEN 285. Introduction to the Smart Grid**

The smart grid initiative calls for the construction of a 21st-century electric system that connects everyone to abundant, affordable, clean, efficient, and reliable electric power anytime, anywhere. It is envisioned that it will seamlessly integrate many types of generation and storage systems with a simplified interconnection process analogous to “plug and play.” This course describes the components of the grid and the tools needed to realize its main goals: communication systems, intelligent meters, and appropriate computer systems to manage the grid. (2 units)

**ELEN 286. Introduction to Wind Energy Engineering**

Introduction to renewable energy, history of wind energy, types and applications of various wind turbines, wind characteristics and resources, introduction to different parts of a wind turbine including the aerodynamics of propellers, mechanical systems, electrical and electronic systems, wind energy system economics, environmental aspects and impacts of wind turbines, and the future of wind energy. *Also listed as MECH 286*. (2 units)

**ELEN 287. Energy Storage Systems**

Energy storage systems play an essential role in the utilization of renewable energy. They are used to provide reserve power under different circumstances and needs such as peak shaving, load leveling, and ancillary services. Power electronics equipment converts the battery power into usable grid power. The course will survey batteries, pumped storage, flywheels, ultracapacitors, etc., with an analysis of the advantages and disadvantages, and uses of each*. Also listed as ENGR 339.* (2 units)

E**LEN 288. Energy Management Systems**

Energy Management Systems (EMS) is a class of control systems that Electric Utility Companies utilize for three main purposes: Monitoring, Engagement and Reporting. Monitoring tolls allow Electric Utility companies to manage their assets to maintain the sustainability and reliability of power generation and delivery. Engagement tools help in reducing energy production costs, transmission and distribution losses by optimizing utilization of resources and/or power network elements. The Reporting tolls help tracking operational costs and energy obligations. *Also listed as COEN 282.* (2 units)

**ELEN 289. Topics in Energy Systems**

(2 units)

**ELEN 297. Master’s Thesis Research**

By arrangement. Limited to candidates for MSEE. (1–9 units)

**ELEN 298. Ph.D. Thesis Research**

By arrangement. A nominal number of 36 units is expected toward the Ph.D. degree. Limited to electrical engineering Ph.D. candidates. (1–15 units)

**ELEN 299. Directed Research**

Special problems and/or research. Limited to department majors only. By arrangement. (1–6 units)